Understanding Tax Implications of Cryptocurrency in Czechia 2024

by
Ajith Chandan
Reviewed by
Deepak Pareek
min read
Last updated:

In the Czech Republic, tax authorities rely on European guidelines and rules to tax crypto in the region. Cryptocurrencies are not recognized as legal tender, which means they are not considered currency and thus are not governed by payment system laws. The provisions of the existing regulations state that, unlike currencies issued by the central bank, cryptocurrencies are backed by data stored on cryptographic servers known as blockchain. 

In the Czech Republic, cryptocurrencies are largely unregulated, and their taxation is governed by EU-wide regulations. Untangling these regulations and determining how individual transactions are taxed can be daunting for investors, which is why we decided to create a comprehensive tax guide on crypto taxation in the Czech Republic. 

Which is why this guide aims to clear the complexities of crypto taxation in the Czech Republic, providing insights into the regulations, tax rates, and essential considerations for investors.

The Regulatory Landscape in Czech Republic - Recognition and Regulation

In the Czech Republic, cryptocurrencies are not considered legal tender, and they escape the umbrella of payment system laws. Instead, the taxation of crypto transactions is primarily guided by European regulations. The absence of specific local regulations on cryptocurrencies leaves investors navigating a landscape where understanding the implications of each transaction is crucial.

Tax Rates and Regulations

Individuals vs. Businesses

Crypto transactions in the Czech Republic are taxed based on the nature of each transaction. Individuals engaging in crypto trading face a 15% tax rate on gains, while businesses are subject to a 19% tax on similar gains. This divergence in tax rates raises questions, especially considering that cryptocurrencies are not officially recognized as a form of currency.

Investors are urged not to interpret unclear guidelines as an excuse for negligence, as failure to comply with crypto tax obligations carries legal consequences. It is essential to interpret existing guidelines according to individual transactions to assess tax liabilities accurately.

Income Tax on Crypto Compensation

Individuals receiving compensation in cryptocurrency are required to pay income tax on their earnings, mirroring the taxation of traditional fiat income. This aligns with the government's effort to ensure transparency and accountability in all forms of income.

Can the Czech Government Track Crypto Transactions?

The Czech Republic, as a member of the European Union, adopted AMLD-5 regulations in July 2018. These regulations mandate crypto exchanges and related entities to maintain thorough Know Your Customer (KYC) records. The authorities can request investor information to ensure compliance with anti-money laundering regulations.

While AML regulations enhance transparency, the Czech government has taken a step further by directly regulating crypto exchanges and wallets. Attempting to conceal transaction details to evade taxes is discouraged, as the government is well aware of crypto transactions. Transparency is key, and adhering to tax regulations is vital to avoid legal consequences.

Capital Gains Tax

One distinctive feature of the Czech Republic's tax system is the absence of a specific capital gains tax. Instead, gains from trading cryptocurrencies as an individual are subject to a flat rate of 15%. This rate is applicable regardless of the duration the asset is held.

Calculating Crypto Capital Gains

Even though there's no formal capital gains tax, investors are required to calculate gains for tax purposes. The formula is straightforward:

Capital Gains/Loss = Disposal Amount − Cost Basis

The cost basis includes the acquisition price of the asset, encompassing additional fees like gas fees or transaction fees.

Crypto Losses

In the Czech Republic, losses from any income source, excluding employment income, can be deducted from other income within the same year or carried forward for up to two years. However, certain categories, such as trading, have limitations. Only 60% of gross income from limited trading and entrepreneurial activities, up to 1,200,000 CZK, is tax-deductible.

Lost or Stolen Crypto

The tax implications of lost or stolen crypto assets are not explicitly defined in Czech regulations. The status of such assets is likely to be reviewed on a case-by-case basis. Investors are advised to directly contact tax authorities for clarification on the status of lost or stolen assets.

Crypto Tax Breaks in Czech Republic

While it's impossible to completely avoid paying taxes, the Czech government offers various exemptions to help lower tax liabilities:

  • General Personal Tax Credit: Increased from 27,840 CZK to 30,840 CZK this year.
  • Child Tax Credit: Exemptions for each child, with different amounts for the first and second child. 15,204 CZK for the First, 22,320 CZK for the Second.
  • Dependent Spouse Tax Credit: Available if the spouse's income is less than 68,000 CZK.
  • Disability Tax Credit: Different exemptions based on the severity of the disability.
  • Student Tax Credit: Exemption for regular students up to 26 years old and university students up to 28 years old.

Crypto Cost Basis Methods in Czech Republic

While the Czech Republic doesn't impose a capital gains tax, it's essential to calculate gains accurately for tax purposes. The government allows the use of specific accounting methods, namely FIFO (First-In-First-Out) and the Weighted Arithmetic Average Method.

FIFO Accounting Method

The FIFO method dictates that the first asset bought is the first one sold, using the acquisition price of the earliest asset for the most recent disposal.

Weighted Arithmetic Average Method

This method calculates the cost basis for disposal as the weighted average of the acquisition price of all assets in possession.

Crypto Income Tax in Czech Republic

In contrast to the fixed rate for capital gains, crypto income in the Czech Republic is subject to progressive rates based on the final income tax base. The rates vary depending on the income level.

How to Calculate Crypto Income

Calculating crypto income involves adding up the fair market value of all received crypto assets from various sources, including airdrops, staking, and mining. This sum becomes the taxable income base for reporting.

Tax-Free and Taxed Crypto Transactions

Certain crypto transactions are tax-free, including holding assets, transferring between personal wallets, buying crypto with fiat, and purchasing products or services with crypto. On the other hand, selling for fiat, trading, staking, mining, earning from DeFi transactions, and receiving tokens from airdrops and forks are taxed.

Tax on Mining and Staking Crypto in Czech Republic

Mining rewards are considered miscellaneous income and taxed at a flat rate of 15% for individual taxpayers. Companies engaged in mining operations for profit must obtain a license and pay taxes at a 19% rate.

Mining and staking are often viewed similarly when it comes to taxation. As the Czech tax system aligns with European guidelines, staking rewards are likely taxed comparably to mining rewards. However, seeking advice from experienced tax professionals is recommended for a clear understanding of the tax implications.

Tax on Airdrops and Forks

Tokens received from airdrops or hard forks are treated as additional income and taxed under existing income tax laws. Soft forks, where no new tokens are generated or distributed, do not trigger taxable events.

Crypto Gifts and Donation Taxes in Czech Republic

While there's no specific guidance on how the Czech government views crypto gifts and donations, they are likely subject to income tax, integrated into the progressive taxation system. Exemptions, such as individual inheritance tax exemptions, may still apply.

Crypto donations, however, are tax-deductible in the Czech Republic. Donations supporting science, education, culture, etc., are eligible for tax deductions, up to 15% of the tax base.

Crypto Margin Trades, Futures, CFDs, ICOs, NFTs, and DAO Taxes

Gains from margin or leverage trades, crypto derivatives, ICOs, NFTs, and DAOs are generally taxed similarly to regular crypto trades in the Czech Republic. There are no distinct guidelines for these transactions, and they are subject to a flat tax rate of 15% for individuals and 19% for businesses.

DeFi Crypto Taxes in Czech Republic

While there is no explicit guidance on how gains from decentralized finance (DeFi) transactions are taxed, they are likely to be treated similarly to other crypto transactions. Seeking guidance from tax professionals is crucial for a clear understanding of DeFi taxation.

When and How to Report Crypto Taxes in Czech Republic

The standard filing and payment deadline for crypto taxes in the Czech Republic is April 3rd of the year following the tax period. Electronic filing grants an automatic extension until May 2nd for 2024. Additional extensions may be granted upon request. Tax refunds are processed within 30 days if the tax return is approved by the authorities.

How to File Crypto Taxes in Czech Republic

Filing crypto taxes in the Czech Republic can be done offline using traditional tax forms or through online service providers. Online filing is recommended for its convenience and deadline extension benefits. Some recommended online service providers include CzechTaxesOnline and NeoTax.

Documents Required for Crypto Taxes in Czech Republic

Although official documentation requirements haven't been explicitly outlined by authorities, maintaining the following records is prudent:

  1. Detailed transaction records in chronological order.
  2. Record of transaction types.
  3. Date, time, and volume of assets traded in each transaction.
  4. Fair market value of all assets in CZK.
  5. Record of any fees paid while buying, selling, or trading assets.

How to Use Kryptos for Filing Crypto Taxes

Dealing with the complexities of reporting crypto taxes in the Czech Republic can be a quite a headache. However, there's a solution: let Crypto tax software like Kryptos handle it all for you.

Here's a user-friendly, step-by-step guide to streamline the process of filing your crypto taxes:

  1. Visit Kryptos and sign up using your email or Google/Apple Account. 
  2. Choose your country, currency, time zone, and accounting method. 
  3. Import all your transactions from wallets and crypto exchanges.
  4. Choose your preferred report and click on the "generate report" option.
  5. Once your tax report is ready, download it in PDF format.

Check out our complete guide on the Ultimate Czech Republic Tax Guide.

FAQs 

1. What is the tax rate for individuals trading cryptocurrencies in the Czech Republic?

In the Czech Republic, individuals engaging in crypto trading face a flat tax rate of 15% on gains. This rate is applicable irrespective of the duration for which the cryptocurrency is held.

2. Are crypto transactions completely tax-free in the Czech Republic?

No, not all crypto transactions are tax-free. While holding assets, transferring between personal wallets, buying crypto with fiat, and purchasing goods or services are tax-free, selling for fiat, trading, staking, mining, DeFi transactions, and receiving tokens from airdrops and forks are taxed.

3. How are crypto losses treated in the Czech Republic?

Losses from any income source, excluding employment income, can be deducted from other income within the same year or carried forward for up to two years. However, specific categories, like trading, have limitations, allowing only 60% of gross income from limited trading and entrepreneurial activities to be tax-deductible.

4. What documentation is required for filing crypto taxes in the Czech Republic?

While authorities haven't explicitly outlined documentation requirements, maintaining detailed transaction records, including transaction types, dates, times, volumes, and fair market values in CZK, is prudent. Additionally, records of any fees paid during transactions should be kept.

All content on Kryptos serves general informational purposes only. It's not intended to replace any professional advice from licensed accountants, attorneys, or certified financial and tax professionals. The information is completed to the best of our knowledge and we at Kryptos do not claim either correctness or accuracy of the same. Before taking any tax position / stance, you should always consider seeking independent legal, financial, taxation or other advice from the professionals. Kryptos is not liable for any loss caused from the use of, or by placing reliance on, the information on this website. Kryptos disclaims any responsibility for the accuracy or adequacy of any positions taken by you in your tax returns. Thank you for being part of our community, and we're excited to continue guiding you on your crypto journey!

How we reviewed this article

Written by
Ajith Chandan

Content Creator - Kryptos, A Web2 Marketer transitioned to Web3 with 3 years of expertise in Content (Writing. Marketing. Strategizing) and Social media marketing.

Reviewed by
Deepak Pareek

Head of Tax & Accounting - Kryptos, Crypto Tax and Accounting Expert, having experience in working with Big 4 accounting firms as well as top tier law firms of India.

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Understanding Tax Implications of Cryptocurrency in Czechia 2024

By
Ajith Chandan
On

In the Czech Republic, tax authorities rely on European guidelines and rules to tax crypto in the region. Cryptocurrencies are not recognized as legal tender, which means they are not considered currency and thus are not governed by payment system laws. The provisions of the existing regulations state that, unlike currencies issued by the central bank, cryptocurrencies are backed by data stored on cryptographic servers known as blockchain. 

In the Czech Republic, cryptocurrencies are largely unregulated, and their taxation is governed by EU-wide regulations. Untangling these regulations and determining how individual transactions are taxed can be daunting for investors, which is why we decided to create a comprehensive tax guide on crypto taxation in the Czech Republic. 

Which is why this guide aims to clear the complexities of crypto taxation in the Czech Republic, providing insights into the regulations, tax rates, and essential considerations for investors.

The Regulatory Landscape in Czech Republic - Recognition and Regulation

In the Czech Republic, cryptocurrencies are not considered legal tender, and they escape the umbrella of payment system laws. Instead, the taxation of crypto transactions is primarily guided by European regulations. The absence of specific local regulations on cryptocurrencies leaves investors navigating a landscape where understanding the implications of each transaction is crucial.

Tax Rates and Regulations

Individuals vs. Businesses

Crypto transactions in the Czech Republic are taxed based on the nature of each transaction. Individuals engaging in crypto trading face a 15% tax rate on gains, while businesses are subject to a 19% tax on similar gains. This divergence in tax rates raises questions, especially considering that cryptocurrencies are not officially recognized as a form of currency.

Investors are urged not to interpret unclear guidelines as an excuse for negligence, as failure to comply with crypto tax obligations carries legal consequences. It is essential to interpret existing guidelines according to individual transactions to assess tax liabilities accurately.

Income Tax on Crypto Compensation

Individuals receiving compensation in cryptocurrency are required to pay income tax on their earnings, mirroring the taxation of traditional fiat income. This aligns with the government's effort to ensure transparency and accountability in all forms of income.

Can the Czech Government Track Crypto Transactions?

The Czech Republic, as a member of the European Union, adopted AMLD-5 regulations in July 2018. These regulations mandate crypto exchanges and related entities to maintain thorough Know Your Customer (KYC) records. The authorities can request investor information to ensure compliance with anti-money laundering regulations.

While AML regulations enhance transparency, the Czech government has taken a step further by directly regulating crypto exchanges and wallets. Attempting to conceal transaction details to evade taxes is discouraged, as the government is well aware of crypto transactions. Transparency is key, and adhering to tax regulations is vital to avoid legal consequences.

Capital Gains Tax

One distinctive feature of the Czech Republic's tax system is the absence of a specific capital gains tax. Instead, gains from trading cryptocurrencies as an individual are subject to a flat rate of 15%. This rate is applicable regardless of the duration the asset is held.

Calculating Crypto Capital Gains

Even though there's no formal capital gains tax, investors are required to calculate gains for tax purposes. The formula is straightforward:

Capital Gains/Loss = Disposal Amount − Cost Basis

The cost basis includes the acquisition price of the asset, encompassing additional fees like gas fees or transaction fees.

Crypto Losses

In the Czech Republic, losses from any income source, excluding employment income, can be deducted from other income within the same year or carried forward for up to two years. However, certain categories, such as trading, have limitations. Only 60% of gross income from limited trading and entrepreneurial activities, up to 1,200,000 CZK, is tax-deductible.

Lost or Stolen Crypto

The tax implications of lost or stolen crypto assets are not explicitly defined in Czech regulations. The status of such assets is likely to be reviewed on a case-by-case basis. Investors are advised to directly contact tax authorities for clarification on the status of lost or stolen assets.

Crypto Tax Breaks in Czech Republic

While it's impossible to completely avoid paying taxes, the Czech government offers various exemptions to help lower tax liabilities:

  • General Personal Tax Credit: Increased from 27,840 CZK to 30,840 CZK this year.
  • Child Tax Credit: Exemptions for each child, with different amounts for the first and second child. 15,204 CZK for the First, 22,320 CZK for the Second.
  • Dependent Spouse Tax Credit: Available if the spouse's income is less than 68,000 CZK.
  • Disability Tax Credit: Different exemptions based on the severity of the disability.
  • Student Tax Credit: Exemption for regular students up to 26 years old and university students up to 28 years old.

Crypto Cost Basis Methods in Czech Republic

While the Czech Republic doesn't impose a capital gains tax, it's essential to calculate gains accurately for tax purposes. The government allows the use of specific accounting methods, namely FIFO (First-In-First-Out) and the Weighted Arithmetic Average Method.

FIFO Accounting Method

The FIFO method dictates that the first asset bought is the first one sold, using the acquisition price of the earliest asset for the most recent disposal.

Weighted Arithmetic Average Method

This method calculates the cost basis for disposal as the weighted average of the acquisition price of all assets in possession.

Crypto Income Tax in Czech Republic

In contrast to the fixed rate for capital gains, crypto income in the Czech Republic is subject to progressive rates based on the final income tax base. The rates vary depending on the income level.

How to Calculate Crypto Income

Calculating crypto income involves adding up the fair market value of all received crypto assets from various sources, including airdrops, staking, and mining. This sum becomes the taxable income base for reporting.

Tax-Free and Taxed Crypto Transactions

Certain crypto transactions are tax-free, including holding assets, transferring between personal wallets, buying crypto with fiat, and purchasing products or services with crypto. On the other hand, selling for fiat, trading, staking, mining, earning from DeFi transactions, and receiving tokens from airdrops and forks are taxed.

Tax on Mining and Staking Crypto in Czech Republic

Mining rewards are considered miscellaneous income and taxed at a flat rate of 15% for individual taxpayers. Companies engaged in mining operations for profit must obtain a license and pay taxes at a 19% rate.

Mining and staking are often viewed similarly when it comes to taxation. As the Czech tax system aligns with European guidelines, staking rewards are likely taxed comparably to mining rewards. However, seeking advice from experienced tax professionals is recommended for a clear understanding of the tax implications.

Tax on Airdrops and Forks

Tokens received from airdrops or hard forks are treated as additional income and taxed under existing income tax laws. Soft forks, where no new tokens are generated or distributed, do not trigger taxable events.

Crypto Gifts and Donation Taxes in Czech Republic

While there's no specific guidance on how the Czech government views crypto gifts and donations, they are likely subject to income tax, integrated into the progressive taxation system. Exemptions, such as individual inheritance tax exemptions, may still apply.

Crypto donations, however, are tax-deductible in the Czech Republic. Donations supporting science, education, culture, etc., are eligible for tax deductions, up to 15% of the tax base.

Crypto Margin Trades, Futures, CFDs, ICOs, NFTs, and DAO Taxes

Gains from margin or leverage trades, crypto derivatives, ICOs, NFTs, and DAOs are generally taxed similarly to regular crypto trades in the Czech Republic. There are no distinct guidelines for these transactions, and they are subject to a flat tax rate of 15% for individuals and 19% for businesses.

DeFi Crypto Taxes in Czech Republic

While there is no explicit guidance on how gains from decentralized finance (DeFi) transactions are taxed, they are likely to be treated similarly to other crypto transactions. Seeking guidance from tax professionals is crucial for a clear understanding of DeFi taxation.

When and How to Report Crypto Taxes in Czech Republic

The standard filing and payment deadline for crypto taxes in the Czech Republic is April 3rd of the year following the tax period. Electronic filing grants an automatic extension until May 2nd for 2024. Additional extensions may be granted upon request. Tax refunds are processed within 30 days if the tax return is approved by the authorities.

How to File Crypto Taxes in Czech Republic

Filing crypto taxes in the Czech Republic can be done offline using traditional tax forms or through online service providers. Online filing is recommended for its convenience and deadline extension benefits. Some recommended online service providers include CzechTaxesOnline and NeoTax.

Documents Required for Crypto Taxes in Czech Republic

Although official documentation requirements haven't been explicitly outlined by authorities, maintaining the following records is prudent:

  1. Detailed transaction records in chronological order.
  2. Record of transaction types.
  3. Date, time, and volume of assets traded in each transaction.
  4. Fair market value of all assets in CZK.
  5. Record of any fees paid while buying, selling, or trading assets.

How to Use Kryptos for Filing Crypto Taxes

Dealing with the complexities of reporting crypto taxes in the Czech Republic can be a quite a headache. However, there's a solution: let Crypto tax software like Kryptos handle it all for you.

Here's a user-friendly, step-by-step guide to streamline the process of filing your crypto taxes:

  1. Visit Kryptos and sign up using your email or Google/Apple Account. 
  2. Choose your country, currency, time zone, and accounting method. 
  3. Import all your transactions from wallets and crypto exchanges.
  4. Choose your preferred report and click on the "generate report" option.
  5. Once your tax report is ready, download it in PDF format.

Check out our complete guide on the Ultimate Czech Republic Tax Guide.

FAQs 

1. What is the tax rate for individuals trading cryptocurrencies in the Czech Republic?

In the Czech Republic, individuals engaging in crypto trading face a flat tax rate of 15% on gains. This rate is applicable irrespective of the duration for which the cryptocurrency is held.

2. Are crypto transactions completely tax-free in the Czech Republic?

No, not all crypto transactions are tax-free. While holding assets, transferring between personal wallets, buying crypto with fiat, and purchasing goods or services are tax-free, selling for fiat, trading, staking, mining, DeFi transactions, and receiving tokens from airdrops and forks are taxed.

3. How are crypto losses treated in the Czech Republic?

Losses from any income source, excluding employment income, can be deducted from other income within the same year or carried forward for up to two years. However, specific categories, like trading, have limitations, allowing only 60% of gross income from limited trading and entrepreneurial activities to be tax-deductible.

4. What documentation is required for filing crypto taxes in the Czech Republic?

While authorities haven't explicitly outlined documentation requirements, maintaining detailed transaction records, including transaction types, dates, times, volumes, and fair market values in CZK, is prudent. Additionally, records of any fees paid during transactions should be kept.

All content on Kryptos serves general informational purposes only. It's not intended to replace any professional advice from licensed accountants, attorneys, or certified financial and tax professionals. The information is completed to the best of our knowledge and we at Kryptos do not claim either correctness or accuracy of the same. Before taking any tax position / stance, you should always consider seeking independent legal, financial, taxation or other advice from the professionals. Kryptos is not liable for any loss caused from the use of, or by placing reliance on, the information on this website. Kryptos disclaims any responsibility for the accuracy or adequacy of any positions taken by you in your tax returns. Thank you for being part of our community, and we're excited to continue guiding you on your crypto journey!

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