The Ultimate Guide to Canadian Tax Brackets 2023

by
Brihasi Dey
Reviewed by
min read
Last updated:

Figuring out the right Canadian tax bracket for your tax calculations can be tricky. Variable tax rates for different provinces only add to the complexity.

This makes it important to understand the federal and provincial tax brackets, so you can track your exact tax liability and ensure a smooth tax filing experience.

In this guide, we discuss all the Canadian tax brackets for your investments including stocks, crypto or any other property, for the tax years 2022 and 2023, helping you navigate the tax season with ease.

What Are Canadian Tax Brackets?

It is the “income range” that decides the tax rate on your taxable income. The federal government and each province or territory have their own tax brackets, which are applied to your taxable income.

Once you have figured out your taxable income (e.g. your income minus all deductions), calculate your federal income tax first and then your provincial tax. Now, add both of these taxes to find your total tax liability.

Types Of Canada Tax Rate 2023

To calculate the income tax, Canadian taxpayers need to know about two tax rates – the federal tax rate and the provincial tax rate. While the federal tax rate is a marginal tax rate constant for all Canadian taxpayers, your provincial tax rate depends on where you live.

Canada Income Tax Allowance

If you are employed and need to pay both federal and provincial tax, you can claim a deduction of up to $14398 of your taxable income, which will increase to $15000 from 2023. This is the allocated personal tax allowance by the CRA known as the basic personal amount (BPA).

When Do You Have To Pay Capital Gains Tax In Canada?

Any profits you make from disposing of your investments including stocks, crypto, or any other property are considered capital gains for individuals. The CRA explains that you do not have to pay taxes on 100% of your profits if you are an individual – you only pay tax on half of your net capital gains for a given tax year.

However, if the disposing of your investment is seen as part of a business by the CRA, the profits you make on the disposition or sale are considered business income and not capital gain.  

In this case, you have to pay taxes on 100% of your profits. The business income tax rate remains the same as the federal tax rate and provincial tax rate.

How Does It Apply For Crypto?

You may be subject to crypto capital gains taxes in the following disposal cases:

  • Selling your crypto for fiat
  • Trading your crypto for another crypto
  • Spending your crypto for purchasing goods or services
  • Gifting your crypto

Some common taxable business income examples include:

Also read: Canada Crypto Tax Guide 2023

The capital gains or business income tax rate is the same as the federal tax rate and provincial and territorial tax rates

Canadian Federal Tax Brackets 2023

Here are the federal tax rates in Canada for the tax years 2022 and 2023.

Canadian Provincial Tax Brackets 2023

Each province and territory in Canada has its own tax brackets, which are combined with the federal tax brackets to calculate your overall tax rate. 

Let’s look at the tax brackets for each region in detail.

Nova Scotia Tax Brackets 2023

Manitoba Tax Brackets 2023

British Columbia BC Tax Brackets 2023

Alberta Tax Brackets 2023

Newfoundland & Labrador Tax Brackets 2023

New Brunswick Tax Brackets 2023

Prince Edward Island Tax Brackets 2023

Saskatchewan Tax Brackets 2023

Nunavut Tax Brackets 2023

Yukon Tax Brackets 2023

Ontario Tax Brackets 2023

Northwest Territories Tax Brackets 2023

Quebec Tax Brackets 2023

When to file taxes in Canada

In Canada, the tax year aligns with the calendar year, commencing on January 1st and concluding on December 31st. Canadian citizens should be aware that the reporting of cryptocurrency-related income, capital gains, and losses must be conveyed to the CRA by April 30th, 2023.

In the event that the deadline falls on a weekend, taxpayers are granted an extension until May 1st, 2023, to fulfil this obligation. It is highly recommended to avoid delaying this matter, as individuals have the freedom to commence the submission of their tax returns by the end of February.

Please note that your tax payment will be considered timely only if it is received or processed by the CRA on or before May 1st each year.

How to Calculate Crypto Tax in Canada?

Crypto tax for all provinces and territories in Canada (except Quebec) is calculated the same way as the federal tax.

Form 428 is used to calculate your provincial or territorial tax. Provincial or territorial non-refundable tax credits are also calculated on Form 428. You can also easily calculate your crypto taxes using Kryptos in just a few minutes.

All you need to do is connect your wallet to the platform – the app auto-syncs all your transaction history, auto-detecting the taxable events, the tax rates, and even any deductions that you can claim to save taxes. Once done, generate the tax report that you need to file your crypto tax in Canada as per the CRA. 

FAQs

1. Do you get taxed on crypto in Canada?

Yes, in Canada, cryptocurrency transactions are subject to taxation. The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) treats cryptocurrency as a commodity for income tax purposes.

2. How is crypto taxed in Canada?

Here's a brief overview of how cryptocurrency is taxed in Canada:

  • Capital Gains: If you sell or "dispose" of cryptocurrency for more than you acquired it for, you may have a taxable capital gain. 
  • Income from Mining: If you mine cryptocurrency, the CRA may consider it a business activity or a hobby which must be included in your income for tax purposes. 
  • Income from Trading: If you trade cryptocurrencies frequently, the CRA might consider this activity as running a business, and any profits or losses from this trading would be considered as business income or loss.
  • Using Cryptocurrency for Goods/Services: If you use cryptocurrency to purchase goods or services, the CRA considers this a barter transaction. The value of the goods or services obtained must be included in your income.

3. What is the Canada tax bracket?

Canadian tax bracket is the “income range” that decides the tax rate on your taxable income. The federal government and each province or territory have their own tax brackets, which are applied to your taxable income.

4. How do I determine which tax bracket I fall under as a Canadian investor?

To determine your Canadian tax bracket, calculate your total taxable income by adding all sources of income, including your capital gains, and claiming all the deductions. Then, refer to the federal and provincial tax brackets to identify where your taxable income falls within the given ranges.

5. Are there any tax breaks available in Canada?

If you are employed and need to pay both federal and provincial tax, you get a personal tax allowance of up to $14398 of your taxable income, which will increase to $15000 from 2023. You can also offset their capital gains with capital losses incurred during the tax year.

6. What are the different Canadian tax brackets?

The federal tax brackets range from 15% to 33%, and provincial tax brackets vary depending on the province or territory of the crypto trader. These brackets are applied to the capital gains or business income from cryptocurrency trading to calculate the taxes.

All content on Kryptos serves general informational purposes only. It's not intended to replace any professional advice from licensed accountants, attorneys, or certified financial and tax professionals. The information is completed to the best of our knowledge and we at Kryptos do not claim either correctness or accuracy of the same. Before taking any tax position / stance, you should always consider seeking independent legal, financial, taxation or other advice from the professionals. Kryptos is not liable for any loss caused from the use of, or by placing reliance on, the information on this website. Kryptos disclaims any responsibility for the accuracy or adequacy of any positions taken by you in your tax returns. Thank you for being part of our community, and we're excited to continue guiding you on your crypto journey!

How we reviewed this article

Written by
Brihasi Dey

Social Media Manager, Content Writer, Strategist, and Marketer - An IT graduate well versed in SaaS, AI, & Web3, assisting Tech and Blockchain brands in scaling with Content.

Reviewed by

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The Ultimate Guide to Canadian Tax Brackets 2023

By
Brihasi Dey
On

Figuring out the right Canadian tax bracket for your tax calculations can be tricky. Variable tax rates for different provinces only add to the complexity.

This makes it important to understand the federal and provincial tax brackets, so you can track your exact tax liability and ensure a smooth tax filing experience.

In this guide, we discuss all the Canadian tax brackets for your investments including stocks, crypto or any other property, for the tax years 2022 and 2023, helping you navigate the tax season with ease.

What Are Canadian Tax Brackets?

It is the “income range” that decides the tax rate on your taxable income. The federal government and each province or territory have their own tax brackets, which are applied to your taxable income.

Once you have figured out your taxable income (e.g. your income minus all deductions), calculate your federal income tax first and then your provincial tax. Now, add both of these taxes to find your total tax liability.

Types Of Canada Tax Rate 2023

To calculate the income tax, Canadian taxpayers need to know about two tax rates – the federal tax rate and the provincial tax rate. While the federal tax rate is a marginal tax rate constant for all Canadian taxpayers, your provincial tax rate depends on where you live.

Canada Income Tax Allowance

If you are employed and need to pay both federal and provincial tax, you can claim a deduction of up to $14398 of your taxable income, which will increase to $15000 from 2023. This is the allocated personal tax allowance by the CRA known as the basic personal amount (BPA).

When Do You Have To Pay Capital Gains Tax In Canada?

Any profits you make from disposing of your investments including stocks, crypto, or any other property are considered capital gains for individuals. The CRA explains that you do not have to pay taxes on 100% of your profits if you are an individual – you only pay tax on half of your net capital gains for a given tax year.

However, if the disposing of your investment is seen as part of a business by the CRA, the profits you make on the disposition or sale are considered business income and not capital gain.  

In this case, you have to pay taxes on 100% of your profits. The business income tax rate remains the same as the federal tax rate and provincial tax rate.

How Does It Apply For Crypto?

You may be subject to crypto capital gains taxes in the following disposal cases:

  • Selling your crypto for fiat
  • Trading your crypto for another crypto
  • Spending your crypto for purchasing goods or services
  • Gifting your crypto

Some common taxable business income examples include:

Also read: Canada Crypto Tax Guide 2023

The capital gains or business income tax rate is the same as the federal tax rate and provincial and territorial tax rates

Canadian Federal Tax Brackets 2023

Here are the federal tax rates in Canada for the tax years 2022 and 2023.

Canadian Provincial Tax Brackets 2023

Each province and territory in Canada has its own tax brackets, which are combined with the federal tax brackets to calculate your overall tax rate. 

Let’s look at the tax brackets for each region in detail.

Nova Scotia Tax Brackets 2023

Manitoba Tax Brackets 2023

British Columbia BC Tax Brackets 2023

Alberta Tax Brackets 2023

Newfoundland & Labrador Tax Brackets 2023

New Brunswick Tax Brackets 2023

Prince Edward Island Tax Brackets 2023

Saskatchewan Tax Brackets 2023

Nunavut Tax Brackets 2023

Yukon Tax Brackets 2023

Ontario Tax Brackets 2023

Northwest Territories Tax Brackets 2023

Quebec Tax Brackets 2023

When to file taxes in Canada

In Canada, the tax year aligns with the calendar year, commencing on January 1st and concluding on December 31st. Canadian citizens should be aware that the reporting of cryptocurrency-related income, capital gains, and losses must be conveyed to the CRA by April 30th, 2023.

In the event that the deadline falls on a weekend, taxpayers are granted an extension until May 1st, 2023, to fulfil this obligation. It is highly recommended to avoid delaying this matter, as individuals have the freedom to commence the submission of their tax returns by the end of February.

Please note that your tax payment will be considered timely only if it is received or processed by the CRA on or before May 1st each year.

How to Calculate Crypto Tax in Canada?

Crypto tax for all provinces and territories in Canada (except Quebec) is calculated the same way as the federal tax.

Form 428 is used to calculate your provincial or territorial tax. Provincial or territorial non-refundable tax credits are also calculated on Form 428. You can also easily calculate your crypto taxes using Kryptos in just a few minutes.

All you need to do is connect your wallet to the platform – the app auto-syncs all your transaction history, auto-detecting the taxable events, the tax rates, and even any deductions that you can claim to save taxes. Once done, generate the tax report that you need to file your crypto tax in Canada as per the CRA. 

FAQs

1. Do you get taxed on crypto in Canada?

Yes, in Canada, cryptocurrency transactions are subject to taxation. The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) treats cryptocurrency as a commodity for income tax purposes.

2. How is crypto taxed in Canada?

Here's a brief overview of how cryptocurrency is taxed in Canada:

  • Capital Gains: If you sell or "dispose" of cryptocurrency for more than you acquired it for, you may have a taxable capital gain. 
  • Income from Mining: If you mine cryptocurrency, the CRA may consider it a business activity or a hobby which must be included in your income for tax purposes. 
  • Income from Trading: If you trade cryptocurrencies frequently, the CRA might consider this activity as running a business, and any profits or losses from this trading would be considered as business income or loss.
  • Using Cryptocurrency for Goods/Services: If you use cryptocurrency to purchase goods or services, the CRA considers this a barter transaction. The value of the goods or services obtained must be included in your income.

3. What is the Canada tax bracket?

Canadian tax bracket is the “income range” that decides the tax rate on your taxable income. The federal government and each province or territory have their own tax brackets, which are applied to your taxable income.

4. How do I determine which tax bracket I fall under as a Canadian investor?

To determine your Canadian tax bracket, calculate your total taxable income by adding all sources of income, including your capital gains, and claiming all the deductions. Then, refer to the federal and provincial tax brackets to identify where your taxable income falls within the given ranges.

5. Are there any tax breaks available in Canada?

If you are employed and need to pay both federal and provincial tax, you get a personal tax allowance of up to $14398 of your taxable income, which will increase to $15000 from 2023. You can also offset their capital gains with capital losses incurred during the tax year.

6. What are the different Canadian tax brackets?

The federal tax brackets range from 15% to 33%, and provincial tax brackets vary depending on the province or territory of the crypto trader. These brackets are applied to the capital gains or business income from cryptocurrency trading to calculate the taxes.

All content on Kryptos serves general informational purposes only. It's not intended to replace any professional advice from licensed accountants, attorneys, or certified financial and tax professionals. The information is completed to the best of our knowledge and we at Kryptos do not claim either correctness or accuracy of the same. Before taking any tax position / stance, you should always consider seeking independent legal, financial, taxation or other advice from the professionals. Kryptos is not liable for any loss caused from the use of, or by placing reliance on, the information on this website. Kryptos disclaims any responsibility for the accuracy or adequacy of any positions taken by you in your tax returns. Thank you for being part of our community, and we're excited to continue guiding you on your crypto journey!

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