How Cryptocurrencies Are Taxed in Poland: A Comprehensive Guide

by
Pratibha Tiwari
Reviewed by
Pratibha Tiwari
min read
Last updated:

Cryptocurrencies have surged in popularity as a digital investment vehicle. However, understanding the tax implications of dealing with virtual currencies in Poland is essential for investors to comply with the country's tax laws. Here's an in-depth look at how cryptocurrencies are taxed in Poland and what investors need to know about their tax obligations.

Crypto Taxation in Poland

Crypto taxes are levied on the conversion of crypto into fiat or if you've spent your crypto in exchange of any goods or services. Accordingly, the method is straightforward, as explained below:

  • each buy generates "tax deductible costs" which are aggregated on an annual basis.
  • each sell generates "tax revenues" which are aggregated on an annual basis

At the year end, if tax deductible costs are in excess of tax revenues then loss will be reported and carried forward to the next year. If it’s otherwise, then you pay a 19% tax on excess tax revenues.

Tax Considerations for Different Crypto Transactions

  • Mining and Staking: Rewards from mining and staking are non-taxable upon receipt. However, once converted into fiat, they are subject to the 19% flat tax rate.
  • Airdrops, Forks, and ICOs: Tokens received through airdrops, forks, or ICOs aren't taxed immediately but inherit a cost basis of 0 PLN. Upon conversion to fiat, the entire amount becomes taxable at 19%.
  • Crypto Gifts and Donations: Currently, there are no specific guidelines for taxing crypto gifts and donations. However, similar to traditional assets, they might be subject to Polish gift and inheritance tax based on fair market value.

Challenges and Unclarified Areas

Certain aspects of crypto transactions lack specific tax laws in Poland, leading to ambiguity. For instance, transactions involving Defi protocols or margin trading might fall into grey areas concerning taxation. Seeking guidance from tax professionals is crucial to ensure compliance.

In Poland, the tax treatment of lost or stolen cryptocurrencies lacks specific guidelines, requiring direct clarification from tax authorities in these cases. While there's no precise guidance on taxing income from margin trades, futures, and CFDs, it's probable that gains are subject to a flat tax rate of 19%. Seeking advice from tax professionals is advisable for a clearer understanding.

Tokens received through Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) aren’t taxed. However, they do inherit a cost basis of 0 NLP, becoming taxable at a 19% income tax rate upon disposal. Similarly, the taxation of income from staking or lending on Defi protocols remains uncertain within Poland's tax regime, highlighting the importance of consulting tax professionals for clarity on such transactions.

A Tip For Investors

To navigate the complex landscape of crypto taxation in Poland:

  • Maintain accurate records of crypto transactions.
  • Report all gains, losses, gifts, and donations involving cryptocurrencies.
  • Seek advice from experienced tax professionals to ensure compliance and proper reporting.

Conclusion

Cryptocurrency taxation in Poland revolves around a flat 19% tax rate for most transactions. However, the lack of specific guidelines for certain crypto activities underscores the importance of seeking professional tax advice. A smart move by investors would be to rely on a trustworthy tax software like Kryptos that allows investors to aggregate all transactions in one place and generate legally compliant tax reports conveniently. 

How we reviewed this article

Written by
Pratibha Tiwari

Pratibha Tiwari writes and manages crypto tax content at Kryptos. She brings five years of crypto and finance writing to Kryptos, blending expertise, and data with clarity to guide readers through the cryptocurrency landscape.

Reviewed by
Pratibha Tiwari

Pratibha Tiwari writes and manages crypto tax content at Kryptos. She brings five years of crypto and finance writing to Kryptos, blending expertise, and data with clarity to guide readers through the cryptocurrency landscape.

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How Cryptocurrencies Are Taxed in Poland: A Comprehensive Guide

By
Pratibha Tiwari
On

Cryptocurrencies have surged in popularity as a digital investment vehicle. However, understanding the tax implications of dealing with virtual currencies in Poland is essential for investors to comply with the country's tax laws. Here's an in-depth look at how cryptocurrencies are taxed in Poland and what investors need to know about their tax obligations.

Crypto Taxation in Poland

Crypto taxes are levied on the conversion of crypto into fiat or if you've spent your crypto in exchange of any goods or services. Accordingly, the method is straightforward, as explained below:

  • each buy generates "tax deductible costs" which are aggregated on an annual basis.
  • each sell generates "tax revenues" which are aggregated on an annual basis

At the year end, if tax deductible costs are in excess of tax revenues then loss will be reported and carried forward to the next year. If it’s otherwise, then you pay a 19% tax on excess tax revenues.

Tax Considerations for Different Crypto Transactions

  • Mining and Staking: Rewards from mining and staking are non-taxable upon receipt. However, once converted into fiat, they are subject to the 19% flat tax rate.
  • Airdrops, Forks, and ICOs: Tokens received through airdrops, forks, or ICOs aren't taxed immediately but inherit a cost basis of 0 PLN. Upon conversion to fiat, the entire amount becomes taxable at 19%.
  • Crypto Gifts and Donations: Currently, there are no specific guidelines for taxing crypto gifts and donations. However, similar to traditional assets, they might be subject to Polish gift and inheritance tax based on fair market value.

Challenges and Unclarified Areas

Certain aspects of crypto transactions lack specific tax laws in Poland, leading to ambiguity. For instance, transactions involving Defi protocols or margin trading might fall into grey areas concerning taxation. Seeking guidance from tax professionals is crucial to ensure compliance.

In Poland, the tax treatment of lost or stolen cryptocurrencies lacks specific guidelines, requiring direct clarification from tax authorities in these cases. While there's no precise guidance on taxing income from margin trades, futures, and CFDs, it's probable that gains are subject to a flat tax rate of 19%. Seeking advice from tax professionals is advisable for a clearer understanding.

Tokens received through Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) aren’t taxed. However, they do inherit a cost basis of 0 NLP, becoming taxable at a 19% income tax rate upon disposal. Similarly, the taxation of income from staking or lending on Defi protocols remains uncertain within Poland's tax regime, highlighting the importance of consulting tax professionals for clarity on such transactions.

A Tip For Investors

To navigate the complex landscape of crypto taxation in Poland:

  • Maintain accurate records of crypto transactions.
  • Report all gains, losses, gifts, and donations involving cryptocurrencies.
  • Seek advice from experienced tax professionals to ensure compliance and proper reporting.

Conclusion

Cryptocurrency taxation in Poland revolves around a flat 19% tax rate for most transactions. However, the lack of specific guidelines for certain crypto activities underscores the importance of seeking professional tax advice. A smart move by investors would be to rely on a trustworthy tax software like Kryptos that allows investors to aggregate all transactions in one place and generate legally compliant tax reports conveniently. 

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